Alipuduar : Queen of Dooars Wildlife Sanctuary
This town located in the Dooars (called the Queen of Dooars) region is known for its forest, wildlife, timber and scenic beauty, since the colonial period.
Geographical location of Alipurduar :-
The town is surrounded by deep forest and tea garden. While there are two rivers flowing across the town namely kaljani and nonai.
There is a river called Dima flows on the west of the town. It’s a tributary of Kaljani and meets with the later near Smashan Khola.
Historical importance of Alipurduar :-
This place had been a very old trading centre. The region was connected with the famous trading route called Silk Route with Bhutan and Tibet. The remains of the traditional route are still visible in Santalabari, near Alipurduar. Alipurduar derives its name from the late Col. Hedayat Ali Khan who did admirable service in the Bhutan war and was stationed hereas first Extra-Assistant Commissioner. The suffix “duar” (means door or gateway) has been added to the original name Alipur todifferentiate it from the more well known Alipore in Kolkata and also because it is located in the Duars region.
Demographics of Alipurduar:-
As of 2001 India census, Alipurduar had a population of 73,047. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Alipurduar has an average literacy rate of 78%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 54% of the males and 46% of females literate. 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Travel and tourism of Alipurduar :-
Although Alipurduar town is not a popular tourist destination by itself, but a number of interesting choices are available within a short traveling distance from the town. Dense forests and hills offering beautiful natural landscape surround the town.The most important forest in Alipurduar is Buxa Tiger Reserve, which attained much fame all over India for its enormous natural resourcesin terms of rare flora and fauna. The forest has got the status of a National Park and houses the maximum number of Royal Bengal Tiger Population in North Bengal. The Chilapata Forests provide an elephant corridor between the Buxa reserve and the Jaldapara Wildlife Sanctuary,
another important eco-tourism destination.The highest peak of Jalpaiguri the Chota Sinchula is located in Alipurduar.Situated at an altitude of 1733m at about 12 km from Buxathe peak offers beautiful sights of the impermeable forest covers of Buxa hills and Bhutan valley.Rajabhatkhawa, Jayanti, Bhutanghat, Raimatang are some other major destinations in Alipurduar. Situated deep inside the forest all ofthese places offer very good scope for wildlife tourism. Each place having forest rest house offers accommodation for limited number of tourist.Alipurduar does not deprive the trek lovers. A day trek to Buxa hill through dense forest track reaches Buxa fort and further up to Rovers Point and then leads to Rupam Valley in Bhutan Hill.Besides these , Adma,Gatuka,Tashigaon,Ochhlum and Lavchakha in the Buxa hill gives different flavour of touring. Jayanti Mahakal trek is another popular route that leads to a stalactite cave near Bhutan border. This trek is also very popular among the pilgrims who visit the cave to offer prayer to their deity(Lord Shiva).Alipurduar is the divisional headquarter of North-East frontier railway. It is a very important railway junction having two rly.station,one is Alipurduar Jn. that connects Kolkata in the south and New Delhi and Guwahati in the north and east respectively also connect Bamanhatnearing to Indo-Banladesh border.Another station, New Alipurduar stn. that connectng directly to many part of India.In the field of travel and tourism Digdarshan tours & Travels Pvt. Ltd. playing a vital role since 1992. Visit www.digdarshan.co.in for moredetails, now more travel houses ,Sinchula Treks &Tour,Rovers’ Treks &Tours,Cholo Berai are in this field.Reserve cars also available for tour purpose from Kings Travels, dial-098304-28401/ 093319-39486.
Cultural stage of Alipurduar:-
Alipurduar is a place of multi-culture. The people here are believed to be Connoisseur of Art and Culture. The Tribal people holds a rich
cultural heritage. They have their own form of Art. Mud wall of their houses are beautifully painted.
Education of Alipurduar :-
There are many schools in Alipurduar and some of them are famous like Mc William Higher Secondary School, Railway Higher Secondary
School,Shayamaprasad Vidya Mandir (Boys & Girl) Little Flowers Eng. School, Stepping Stone Model School, Kendriya Vidyalaya, Rabikanta High School, Newtown Girls’ High School, Balika Siksha Mandir,Alipurduar High School, Alipurduar Girls’ High School, Gobinda High School. Arobinda Nagar Girls high School,Alipurduar College and Vivekananda College which is affiliated under North Bengal University is in the town.